> what is type 2 diabetes
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1 diabetes and usually develops over the age of 40.
Risk factors include
People with Type 2 Diabetes can still produce insulin but they are not making enough to meet the body's needs or the insulin they do produce is not being used properly.
Insulin is used to transfer the glucose from the blood stream to the cells of the body. If there is not enough insulin the glucose builds up in the blood stream.
How is Type 2 Diabetes treated?
If not properly controlled Type 2 Diabetes can cause serious long-term complications. Type 2 Diabetes should never be regarded as “mild diabetes”.
Near normal blood sugar readings along with a healthy lifestyle will help to prevent against long -term damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and major blood vessels.
Diabetes and tablets
There are several different types of tablet which work in a variety of different ways.
Diabetes and combination therapy
Some patients take a combination of different tablets or even tablets and insulin therapy to control their blood sugar levels.
The need for changes in treatment can alter over time and therefore it is important to attend regular check-ups for your diabetes either with your diabetes team or your GP.
Diabetes and insulin therapy
If your body has stopped producing enough insulin for the tablets to work, you may require insulin. This is given by injections. Your diabetes specialist nurse will give you the necessary information and support.
Your are entitled to exemption from prescription charges if you are taking medication for your diabetes - ask your GP for an exemption request form.
If you suffer from side-effects from the tablets contact your GP or your diabetes team.
Other medications such as steroids and some diuretics (water tablets) can cause higher blood sugar levels. Your diabetes treatment may need altered in this case.
If you hold a driving licence, you are required by law to inform the DVLA and your insurance company if you start tablets or insulin for your diabetes.
What is a Hypo?
Hypoglycaemia or hypo is a low blood sugar level (less than 4 mmols). It will not occur if you are treated by diet alone or Metformin tablets.
How do I achieve good blood sugar control and stay as healthy as possible?
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